1 * a Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil. There is no better answering the tempter than by opposing the precepts of holy writ to his motions to sin. From now on when mention is made of "his own city" it will mean this place, while the term "his own country" will still mean the vicinity of Nazareth. The adjoining countries of Naphtali and Zebulun, diversified with mountain and vale, were covered with verdure, and cultivated by a swarming population. σεν εἰς Καπερναοὺμ. (1.) It was on the border between the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali. The town of Khorazy, about two miles north of Tell-Hum, seems to represent the ancient Chorazin. Matthew 4:14. 13.And having left Nazareth I have thought it proper to introduce this passage of Matthew, immediately after Luke’s narrative, which we have just examined; because we may gather from the context that, as Christ had hitherto been wont to frequent the town of Nazareth, so, in order to avoid danger, he now bade a final adieu to it, and dwelt in Capernaum and the neighboring towns. In the same manner, Paul reminds us, that it was a fulfillment of what occurs in many passages of the prophets, “ Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead,” (Ephesians 5:14.) The exact site of Capernaum has long been one of the vexed questions of the topography of Palestine, but the researches of the Palestine Exploration Society have identified it with the modern village of Tell-Hûm, where their excavations have disinterred the remains of an ancient building of the Roman period, which is supposed to have been the synagogue of the city; possibly, therefore, the very synagogue, built by the believing centurion (Luke 7:5), in which our Lord worshipped and taught (John 6:59). Matthew 13:54-58. Matthew 4:13. The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. ывает, что Христос уже интенсивно проповедовал там (См. Here he makes his chief residence, a place well calculated for his preaching, being on the limits of both Galilee, although he made frequent excursions through Galilee to disseminate his doctrines. In the countries round this lake, our Lord spent a great part of the two former years of his public life; and though he afterward enlarged the compass of his journeys, yet they always enjoyed a considerable share of his blessed company and divine instructions.” — Macknight. But to us there seem all but insuperable difficulties in the supposition of two visits to Nazareth after His baptism; and on the grounds stated on Luke 4:16, etc., we think that the one only visit to Nazareth is that recorded by Matthew (Matthew 13:1-58), Mark (Mark 6:1-56), and Luke (Luke 4:1-44.) And leaving [ katalipoon (G2641)] Nazareth. Ian Mackervoy. “All along the edge of this secluded basin,” says Stanley, “runs the whole way round from north to south a level beach, at the southern end roughly strewn with the black and white stones peculiar to this district, and also connected with its volcanic structure; but the central or northern part formed of smooth sand, or of a texture of shells and pebbles so minute as to resemble sand, like the substance of the beach on the Gulf of ‘Akabah. NIV Devotional Bible for Women--hardcover, jacketed printed . “Situated,” says Stanley, “in the midst of the Jordan valley, on the great thoroughfare from Babylon and Damascus, in Palestine, its waters seemed to answer a purpose like that served by the Lake of Lucerne, between Italy and Germany. Jewish authorities identify Kaphir Nakhum with Kaphir Temkhum, since corrupted into the modern Tell Hum. As such, it fell in with the habits of the four first-called disciples, who, though two of them were of Bethsaida, were already partly domiciled there. That Matthew's order is the right one will appear, we think, quite clearly in the sequel. Jesus naturally went to Nazareth first, but He did not tarry there.— , He went to settle (as in Matthew 2:23) in Capernaum. Its name is compounded of the words Kefr, village, and Nahum, refreshment. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. See Poole on Mt "13:17". CHAPTER 4. It was “Christ’s own city” because he made it his home. crit.). This migration to Capernaum is not formally noted in the other Gospels, but Capernaum appears in all the synoptists as the main centre of Christ’s Galilean ministry.— , etc. Capernaum. (See Hist. Thence, for reasons we proceed to explain, he went and took his residence at Capernaum. St. Luke (Luke 4:16-30) connects it with His rejection by the men of this very place, where He had been brought up, and their attempt upon His life. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (Genesis 49:13:) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”. Leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him, as is described Luke 4:29 : he came and dwelt in Capernaum, upon the sea-coast — “Capernaum is nowhere mentioned in the Old Testament, either by its own name or by any other. parathalassios. Under the Roman government custom-houses were established, at which tribute was taken by the publicans, of which Matthew was one. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? Against the identity, see notes on Luke, and on chap. Certainly, it is evident from the context, that the prophet looks much farther; and, as he promises a universal restoration of the whole church, it follows that the land of Zebulun, and the land of Naphtali, and Galilee of the Gentiles, are included in the number of those, to whom the darkness of death would be changed into the light of life. Capernaum; a town on the north-west shore of the sea of Galilee. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, In the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim -. So also Luke 4:4. 13 “You are the salt of the earth. Retail: $49.99. Probably it was one of those towns which the Jews built after their return from Babylon. A COLLECTION OF MIRACLE STORIES In these chapters, Matthew assembles a collection of miracle stories designed to demonstrate that Jesus is, indeed, the Messiah, and that he works by God's power. Sandwiched between the Lectionary excerpts Jesus insists that old garments and old wineskins cannot withstand new cloth and new wineskins. The reasons for the choice of that city lie, some of them, on the surface. and leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali: AMP. Came and dwelt, or having come he settled. Matthew 4:13 . 14-16. The Sea of Tiberias is about thirteen miles in length, and, in its broadest part, six miles in breadth. … In the King James Version of the Bible the text reads: . Mentioned, not to distinguish it, but on account of the prophecy which follows. Tel Hûm and Khan Minyeh compete for the honour of the site. Through the centre of this lake, from north to south, runs the rapid current of the River Jordan, which, coming down from its sources in the Lebanon, passes onward to the Dead Sea. Long before the settlement of the tribes in the land of Canaan, the dying Jacob prophesied of Zebulun, (, :) “Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be an haven of the ships; and his borders shall be unto Zidon.”, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, The Popular Commentary by Paul E. Kretzmann, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. The prevalent opinion is, that this refers to a first visit to Nazareth after His baptism, whose details are given by Luke (Luke 4:16, etc. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. In its narrative context, this pericope reveals a number of things about the person and ministry of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew. What gives it a remarkable aspect, is the deep depression of its surface not only far below the lofty summits of its banks, but far below the level of the Mediterranean Sea. Under the Roman government custom-houses were established, at which tribute was taken by the publicans, of which Matthew was one. The Lake of Gennesaret is seldom mentioned in the Old Testament, or in secular history. Moving down the eastern shore, we come to Kersa or Gergesa, the place of the two demoniacs and the possessed swine. Thus the double advantages of intercourse by sea and land were secured by our Lord’s position at Capernaum.”. We adopt, however, the opinion of Dr. Thomson, that it was situated at the point which is now called Tell-Hum. 14 “You are the light of the world. Synop.) 13.Leaving Nazareth — After being rejected there the first time. Which is upon the sea coast — The coast or shore of the Lake of Gennesaret. That it might be fulfilled which — Whereby was fulfilled that which. Threats abound, but God carefully orchestrates Jesus’ earliest days according to Matthew. Leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him, as is described Luke 4:29: he came and dwelt in Capernaum, upon the sea-coast — “Capernaum is nowhere mentioned in the Old Testament, either by its own name or by any other. Content. The Lectionary combines the First Gospel’s account of Matthew’s call with the twin restorations of the woman with the flow of blood and the ruler’s daughter. Its exact situation has not, as yet, been determined with certainty by geographers: only, from its being on the confines of the two tribes, Reland and others conjecture that it stood somewhere on the north- west shore of the lake of Gennesareth. And he said to them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. It was called the place of refreshment, from the springs near which it stood. (3.) Thus the double advantages of intercourse by sea and land were secured by our Lord’s position at Capernaum.”. Study the bible online using commentary on Matthew 4:13 and more! Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. God will stretch out his hand to his people, and, therefore, death will be more tolerable than the previous diseases were. Shrubs, too, of the tropical thorn, fringe the greater part of the line of shore, mingled here and there with the bright pink colours of the oleander, long before they are in flower in the valleys of the higher country. HENRY ALFORD (1810-1871) The New Testament for English Readers Matthew Commentary. Matthew 4:12-17. (1-20) Their proceedings. Our Price: $16.99 Save: $33.00 (66%) Buy Now. In the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali ... wondered at the gracious words that proceeded out of his mouth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the seacoast. Wilson, 1866), and on account of the similarity of the name (Tell Hum means ‘Hill of Nahum,’ and Capernaum ‘Village of Nahum’). Synop.) This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Thence on the curve of the northeastern shore was the grassy plain of Butaiha, where the five thousand were miraculously fed. In the dim antiquity of the most ancient records, its name appears to have been Cinneroth, of which Gennesaret is the modernized Greek form, and which appears to have been derived from a town of Cinneroth, on its western shore. The exact site of Capernaum, so often mentioned in the New Testament, is disputed; the words of our Lord (Matthew 11:23) have thus been fulfilled. ); a second visit being that detailed by our Evangelist (Matthew 13:54-58), and by Mark (Matthew 6:1-6). Capernaum was an important place, the residence of Andrew, Peter, and the sons of Zebedee, probably of Matthew also, chiefly honored by the title, ‘His own city’ (Matthew 9:1). Some locate it at Khan Minyeh, at the northern end of the Plain of Gennesaret (El-Ghuweir), near the Fountain of the Fig-Tree, and on the present highway to Damascus; others two or three miles further north, at Tell Hum, which is more probable on account of the very remarkable ruins, including a white synagogue (carefully examined and described by Capt. It was abandoned long ago. Its name is compounded of the words Kefr, village, and Nahum, refreshment. We also met with it before, Matthew 10:22. At length, Christ, “ the Sun of Righteousness,” (Malachi 4:2 ,) arose in full splendor, and, by his coming, utterly “abolished” (2 Timothy 1:10) the darkness of death. Hence it follows, that our souls are plunged in the darkness of everlasting death, till he enlightens them by his grace. Other People's Commentary (NT) entries containing Matthew 4:13: Mark 1:14 Matthew 4:12 : Matthew 4:14 >> DISCLAIMER: Church of the Great God (CGG) provides these resources to aid the individual in studying the Bible. (13) Leaving Nazareth.—The form of the name in the older MSS. 1. (See Hist. Matthew 4:13 is the thirteenth verse of the fourth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament.In the previous verse Jesus returned to Galilee after hearing of the arrest of John the Baptist.In this verse he leaves from Nazareth to Capernaum.. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. See Schaff, Bible Lands (1878), p. 343. In Capernaum. AMPC. A thriving commercial place on the northwestern shore of the sea (or lake) of Galilee, hence called here ‘the maritime,’ which is the literal meaning of the word paraphrased: which is on the shore of the lake. Its bottom is gravel, which gives its waters both a good colour and taste. The chronology of John 5:1 is uncertain (see Notes there), but at some time before, or shortly after, this migration to Capernaum, we must place the visit to Jerusalem, and the miracle at Bethesda, which St. John there records. is Nazara. Commentary on Matthew 9:9-13, 18-26 View Bible Text . Matthew Poole's Commentary. By the ancient division of the tribes, Zebulun bordered on this Sea of Gennesaret. Commentary on Matthew 4:19: Knowing Our Mission as Christians. Matthew 4:13. Commentary on Matthew 2:13-23 View Bible Text . Retail: $34.99. Four or five of the Twelve lived there; it had a considerable and mixed population, securing some freedom from that intense bigotry which even to this day characterizes all places where Jews in large numbers dwell nearly alone; it was centrical, so that not only on the approach of the annual festivals did large numbers pass through it or near it, but on any occasion multitudes could easily be collected about it; and for crossing and recrossing the lake, which our Lord had so often occasion do, no place could be more convenient. And leaving Nazareth — Namely, when they had wholly rejected his word, and even attempted to kill him. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Matthew 4:23 to 13:58. www.easyenglish.bible. It is very absurd in the Jews to confine it to the deliverance of the city of Jerusalem. Study This × Bible Gateway Plus. (1-8) The judgments to come upon Jerusalem, but the final triumph of Israel. Mark 1. upon the sea coast. KJ21. As the traveller descends from the rocky walls by which it is encompassed, the temperature of its deep basin grows warm. This place was eminently suited to be the location of our Lord’s ministry. Matthew 4:13. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. By the way of the sea, beyond Jordan] Situate on the Jordan, near the sea.Campbell. Read Matthew 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Greek. Occurs only here. Its fisheries furnished a source of sustenance to the surrounding inhabitants, and an industry for its labourers. The peace of the kingdom of Christ. The Temptation of Jesus. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) << Numbers 12 | Numbers 13 | Numbers 14 >> (Read all of Numbers 13) Complete Concise Chapter Contents. The adjoining countries of Naphtali and Zebulun, diversified with mountain and vale, were covered with verdure, and cultivated by a swarming population. was situated in Lower Galilee; and Capharnaum, a maritime town, in Higher Galilee. We answer, just as the same word is used in Acts 21:3, "Now when we had sighted [ anafanantes (Greek #398)] Cyprus, and left it [ katalipontes (Greek #2641)] on the left, we sailed unto Syria," etc.-that is, without entering Cyprus at all, but merely 'sighting' it, as the nautical phrase is, they steered southeast of it, leaving it on the northwest. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 4:13: John 7:41-52 Matthew 4:12 : Matthew 4:14 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. In Romans 11:11, Paul asserts that "salvation has come to the Gentiles. – Matthew 4:19. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. 13. As the word Kefr signifies a village, and the word Tell signifies a mound, or ancient, site, so the ancient Kefr-Nahum would be the modern Tell-Hum. (332). He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, [ Kafarnaoum (G2746a) teen (Greek #3588) parathalassian (Greek #3864)] - 'maritime Capernaum,' on the northwest shore of the sea of Galilee; but the precise spot is unknown. Its surface was dotted by countless villages, visited by our Lord at various times, mentioned or unmentioned by the evangelists. (See the note at Matthew 11:23.) The desert to be the location of our Lord ’ s riddle is here again unriddled: out the. Salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again the north-west shore of the,! Excellency represented by its abiding, and an industry for its labourers good for anything, except to the... 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